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A Selected Bibliography

Catherine Morris

Culture, Ethnicity and Conflict

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This bibliography includes works on the subject of culture, ethnicity and conflict as well as cultural and traditional practices for conflict resolution. The significant contribution of Stephanie Stobbe, a faculty member in the Peace and Conflict Transformation Studies Program at Menno Simons College, Winnipeg, Canada, in developing this bibliography on culture, conflict and traditional conflict resolution practices is gratefully acknowledged.

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed. "Conflict Resolution Approaches: Western and Middle Eastern Lessons and Possibilities." American Journal of Economics and Sociology 55(1)(1996): 35-52.

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed. "Conflict Resolution, Culture, and Religion: Toward a Training Model of Interreligious Peacebuilding." Journal of Peace Research 38(6) (2001): 685-704.

Augsburger, David W. Conflict Mediation Across Cultures: Pathways and Patterns. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox, 1992. read a review.

Avruch, Kevin. Culture and Conflict Resolution Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace, 1998. See read a review.

Avruch, Kevin. Context and Pretext in Conflict Resolution: Culture, Identity, Power, and Practice. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, 2012. read a review (pdf).

Avruch, Kevin, Peter W. Black, and Joseph A. Scimecca. Conflict Resolution: Cross-Cultural Perspectives. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1991.

Avruch, Kevin, and Peter W. Black. "Conflict Resolution in Inter-cultural Settings." In Conflict Resolution Theory and Practice: Intergration and Application, edited by D. Sandole, and H. van der Merwe, 131-45. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Avruch, Kevin, and Peter W. Black. "The Culture Question and Conflict Resolution." Peace & Change 16 (1991):22-45.

Avruch, Kevin, and Peter W. Black. "Ideas Of Human Nature in Contemporary Conflict Resolution Theory." Negotiation Journal 6(3)(July 1990): 221-228.

Azar, Edward E. The Management of Protracted Social Conflict: Theory and Cases. Bookfield, VT: Gower Pub. Co., 1990.

Barnes, Bruce. E. "Building Conflict Resolution Infrastructure in the Central and South Pacific: Indigenous Populations and Their Conflicts with Governments." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 19(3)(Spring 2002): 345-361.

Barnes, Bruce. "Conflict Resolution Across Cultures: A Hawaii Perspective and a Pacific Mediation Model." Mediation Quarterly 12 (2)(1994):117.

Barnes, Bruce E. Culture, Conflict, and Mediation in the Asian Pacific. Revised Edition. Lanham: University Press of America, Inc., 2007.

Bell, Catherine, and David Kahane. Intercultural Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal Contexts. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.

Bennett, Milton. "A Developmental Approach to Training for Intercultural Sensitivity." International Journal of Intercultural Relations 10 (1986): 179-96.

Boyd, Marion. "Religion-Based Alternative Dispute Resolution: A Challenge to Multiculturalism". In Belonging? Diversity, Recognition and Shared Citizenship in Canada, edited by Keith Banting, Thomas J. Courchene, and F. Leslie Seidle, 465-474. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy, 2007. Available at

Brett, Jeanne M., et al. "Culture and Joint Gains in Negotiation." Negotiation Journal 14 (1998): 61-84.

Brett, Jeanne M. Negotiating Globally: How to Negotiate Deals, Resolve Disputes, and Make Decisions Across Cultural Boundaries. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001.

Buckles, Daniel, ed. Cultivating Peace: Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre and World Bank Institute, 1999.

Berberoglu, Berch, ed. The National Question: Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Self-Determination in the 20th Century. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995.

Brigg, M. "Mediation, Power, and Cultural Difference." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 20(3)(Spring 2003): 287-306.

Carter, Judy, George E. Irani, and Vamik D. Volkan, eds Regional and Ethnic Conflicts: Perspectives from the Front Lines Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2008.

Chayes Antonia, and Martha Minow, ed. Imagine Coexistence: Restoring Humanity After Violent Ethnic Conflict. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

Coward, Harold, and Gordon Smith Smith, eds. Religion and Peacebuilding. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2002.

Cohen, Raymond. Negotiating Across Cultures: Communication Obstacles in International Diplomacy. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace Press, 1991. read a review.

Coy, Patrick G., and Lynne M. Woehrle, eds. Social Conflicts and Collective Identities. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000.

de Silva, K. M. and S.W.R. de A. Samarasinghe. Peace Accords and Ethnic Conflict. London: Pinter Publishers, 1993.

Ladouce, Laurent. "The Pakxe Project: A contribution of the Lao people to the unity of South-East Asis and to world peace." Culture Mandala: the Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies 7(2)(2007): 1-22.

Faure, G.O. "Conflict Formation: Going Beyond Culture-Bound Views of Conflict." In Conflict Cooperation and Justice: Essays Inspired by the Work of Morton Deutsch, edited by Bunder, Rubin & Associates, 39. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995.

Faure, G.O., and J.Z. Rubin, eds. Culture and Negotiation: The Resolution of Water Disputes. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1993. read a summary. read a review.

Gadlin, Howard, "Conflict Resolution, Cultural Differences, and the Culture of Racism." Negotiation Journal (1994): 33-47.

Galtung, Johan. "Cultural Violence." Journal of Peace Research 27, no. 3 (1990): 291-305.

Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books, 1973.

Geertz, Clifford. "Local Knowledge: Fact and Law in Comparative Perspective." In Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology, 167-234. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Geertz, Clifford. Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology. New York: Basic Books,1983.

Goh, Bee Chen. Negotiating with the Chinese. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Co., Ashgate Publishing Co., 1996. read a review.

Gopin, Marc. Between Eden and Armageddon: The Future of World Religions, Violence, and Peacemaking. New York and London: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Gopin, Marc. "Forgiveness as an Element of Conflict Resolution in Religious Cultures." In Reconciliation, Justice, and Coexistence: Theory and Practice, edited by Mohammed Abu-Nimer, 87-99. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Lexington Books, 2001.

Govier, Trudy. "The Concept of Ubuntu." Humanist Perspectives 156 (2006): 25-27.

Groeber, A.L., and C. Klockhohn. Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. New York: Vintage Books, 1963.

Gudykunst, William B. Bridging Differences: Effective Intergroup Communication. Third Edition. London: SAGE Publications, Inc., 1998.

Gulliver, P.H. Disputes & Negotiations: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Gurr, Ted Robert, and Barbara Harff. Ethnic Conflict in World Politics. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.

Gurr, Ted R., ed. Minorities at Risk: A Global View of Ethnopolitical Conflict. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, 1993.

Gurr, Ted Robert, ed. Peoples Versus States: Minorities at Risk in the New Century. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2000.

Gurr, Ted Robert, and James R. Scaritt. "Minorities Rights at Risk: A Global Survey." Human Rights Quarterly 11(3)(1989): 375-405.

Hall, Edward T., and Mildred R. Hall. Understanding Cultural Differences. Maine: Intercultural Press, Inc., 1990.

Horowitz, Donald L. Ethnic Groups in Conflict Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1987.

Irani, George. "Islamic Mediation Techniques for Middle East Conflicts." Middle East Review of International Affairs 3, no. 2 (1999):

Irani, George.. "Rituals of Reconciliation: Arab-Islamic Perspectives." Mind and Human Interaction 11 (4) (2000): 226-45.

Irani, George Emile. "Apologies and Reconciliation: Middle Eastern Rituals." In Taking Wrongs Seriously: Apologies and Reconciliation, edited by Elazar Barkan and Alexander Karn, 132-52. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006.

Janosik, Robert J. "Rethinking the Culture-Negotiation Link." In Negotiation Theory and Practice, edited by J. William Breslin and Jeffrey Z. Rubin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Program on Negotiation, 1993.

Just, Peter. Conflict Resolution and Moral Community among the Don Donggo. Westport: Praeger, 1998.

Kimmel, P. R. (2000). Culture and Conflict. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

King-Irani, Laurie E. "Rituals of Reconciliation and Processes of Empowerment in Post-War Lebanon." In Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts: African Conflict Medicine, edited by I. William Zartman. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publisher, 1999.

Kloth, Chris, and Norman Dale. "Addressing Racial and Ethnic Tensions: A Case Study of Sustained Dialogue." Paper presented at the International Association for Public Participation, Vancouver BC, May, 2001.

Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

LeBaron, Michelle. Bridging Cultural Conflicts: A New Approach For A Changing World. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003. read a review.

LeBaron, Michelle. Bridging Troubled Waters: Conflict Resolution From the Heart. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. See a review.

LeBaron Duryea, Michelle. Conflict Analysis and Resolution as Education. Training Materials and Trainer Reference. Two volumes. Victoria, BC: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994. read a review.

LeBaron, Michelle. Conflict and Culture: A Literature Review and Bibliography. Revised edition. Victoria, BC: Institute for Dispute Resolution, University of Victoria, 2001. read a review of the 1992 edition.

LeBaron Duryea, Michelle "The Quest for Qualifications: A Quick Trip Without a Good Map". In Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate, edited by Catherine Morris and Andrew Pirie, 109-129. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994.

LeBaron, Michelle. "Mediation, Conflict Resolution and Multicultural Reality: Culturally Competent Practice." In Mediation and Conflict Resolution in Social Work and the Human Services, edited by E. Kruk, 315-335. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1997.

Lebaron, Michelle. "Transforming Cultural Conflict in an Age of Complexity." In Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation). Berlin: Berghof Research Centre for Constructive Conflict Management, 2001.

LeBaron Duryea, Michelle, and J. Bruce Grundison. Conflict and Culture: Research in Five Communities in Vancouver, British Columbia. Victoria, BC: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1993. read a review.

LeBaron, Michelle, and Venashri Pillay. Conflict Across Cultures: A Unique Experience of Bridging Differences. Boston, MA: Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 2006.

Lederach, John Paul. Mediation in North America: An Examination of the Profession's Cultural Premises. Akron, Pa: Mennonite Central Committee, 1986.

Lederach, J.P. Preparing for Peace: Conflict Transformation Across Cultures. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995. read a review.

Levin, Michael D., ed. Ethnicity and Aboriginality: Case Studies in Ethnonationalism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.

LeVine, Victor T. " Conceptualizing 'Ethnicity' And 'Ethnic Conflict': A Controversy Revisited." Studies in Comparative International Development 32(2)(1997): 45-75.

Licklider, Roy, ed. Stopping the Killing: How Civil Wars End. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Lowry, Carmen S., and Stephen Littlejohn. "Dialogue and the Discourse of Peacebuilding in Maluku, Indonesia." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 23(4)(2006): 409-426.

Macfarlane, Julie. Understanding Trends in American Muslim Divorce and Marriage: A Discussion Guide for Families and Communities. Washington, DC: Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, 2012. Available (pdf) at

McConnell, John A. Mindful Mediation: A Handbook for Buddhist Mediators. Bangkok: Buddhist Research Institute and others, 1995. (Distributed by Asia Books Co. Ltd., tel. 662-391-2680; Coordinated by Foundation for Children publishing house, 1845/328 Soi Charaslarp, Sirindhorn Rd., Bangplud, Bangkok, Thailand, tel/fax 662-424-6404).

McGlynn, Edward J., and Thomas F. Christian, eds. The Twenty-First Century Mosaic: Resolving Disputes in a Culturally Diverse Society. Loudonville, NY: Siena College, 1993.

Montville, Joseph, ed. Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies. Lexington Books, 1990.

Nader, Laura. "The ADR Explosion: The Implications of Rhetoric in Legal Reform." Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 8 (1988): 260.

Nader, Laura. "Controlling Processes in the Practice of Law: Hierarchy and Pacification in the Movement to Re-Form Dispute Ideology." Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 9(1) (1993): 1-25.

Nader, Laura. "Harmony Models and the Construction of Law." In Conflict Resolution: Cross Cultural Perspectives, edited by Kevin Avruch, Peter Black and Joseph Scimecca. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Nader, Laura, and Harry F. Todd Jr., eds. The Disputing Process - Law in Ten Societies. New York: Columbia University Press, 1978.

Noel, Brett R., Ann Torfin Shoemake, and Claudia L. Hale. "Conflict Resoution in a Non-Western Context: Conversations with Indonesian Scholars and Practitioners." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 23(4)(2006): 427-446.

Nudler, Oscar. "On Conflicts and Metaphors: Toward an Extended Rationality." In Conflict: Human Needs Theory, edited by John Burton, 177-201. London: MacMillan Press Ltd, 1990.

Olzak, Susan. Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994.

Osaghae, E. E., ed. Applying Traditonal Methods to Modern Conflict: Possibilities and Limits. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000.

Pearce, W. Barnett, and Stephen W. Littlejohn. Moral Conflict: When Social Worlds Collide. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

Pettrigrew, Thomas F., and Linda R. Tropp. "Does Intergroup Contact Reduce Prejudice: Recent Meta-Analytic Findings." In Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination, edited by Sturard Oskamp, 93-114. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000.

Pryles Michael, ed. Dispute Resolution in Asia. The Hague, The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 1997.

Rabie, M. Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994.

Ross, Mark Howard. The Culture of Conflict. Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993. read a review.

Ross, Marc Howard. "The Relevance of Culture for the Study of Political Psychology and Ethnic Conflict." Political Psychology 18 (1997): 299-323.

Ross, Marc Howard, and Jay Rothman, eds. Theory and Practice in Ethnic Conflict Management: Conceptualizing Success and Failure. Basingstoke and London: Macmillan, 1999.

Rothman, Jay. Resolving Identity-Based Conflict in Nations, Organizations, and Communities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. read a review.

Ross, Marc Howard and Jay Rothman, eds. Theory and Practice in Ethnic Conflict Management. New York: St. Martins Press, 1999.

Roy, Beth. Some Trouble with Cows: Making Sense of Social Conflict. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1994. read a review.

Rubin, Jeffrey, Z, and Frank E.A. Sander. "Culture, Negotiation, and the Eye of the Beholder." Negotiation Journal 7(3)(1991): 249-254.

Ruth-Heffelbower, Duane, ed. Pemberdayaan untuk Rekonsiliasi, Edisi kedua direvisi dan diperluas (Empowering for Reconciliation). 2d Edition. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press, 2000.

Ruth-Heffelbower, Duane, ed. Conflict and Peacemaking Across Cultures: Training for Trainers. Fresno: Fresno Pacific University, 1999.

Salacuse, Jeswald W. "Ten Ways That Culture Affects Negotiating Style: Some Survey Results." Negotiation Journal (1998): 221-35.

Salem, Paul, ed. Conflict Resolution in the Arab World. Beirut: Lebanon: American University of Beirut, 1997.

Saunders, Harold H. A Public Peace Process: Sustained Dialogue to Transform Racial and Ethnic Conflicts. New York: St. Martins Press, 1999.

Schirch, Lisa. Ritual and Symbol in Peacebuilding. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, 2005.

Schoene, L.P., and M. DuPraw. Facing Racial and Cultural Conflict: Tools for Rebuilding Community. Washington, DC: Program for Community Problem Solving, 1992. read a review.

Shook, E. V., and L.K.A. Kwan. Ho'oponopono: Straightening Family Relationships in Hawaii. Westport: Praeger, 1998.

Sisk, Timothy. Power Sharing and International Mediation in Ethnic Conflicts. Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace Press, 1996.

Tan, N.-T. "Community Mediation in Singapore: Principles for Community Conflict Resolution." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 19(3)(Spring 2002): 289-301.

Ting-Toomey, Stella. "Communicative Resourcefulness: An Identity Negotiation Perspective." In Intercultural Communication Competence, edited by Richard L. Wiseman, and Jolene Koester. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1993.

Ting-Toomey, Stella. "Toward a Theory of Conflict and Culture." In Communication, Culture and Organizational Processes, edited by W. Gudykunst, L. Stewart, and S. Ting-Toomey. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1985.

Ting-Toomey, Stella, and John G. Oetzel. Managing Intercultural Conflict Effectively Thousand Oaks : Sage, 2001.

Trubisky, Paula, Stella Ting-Toomey, and Sung-Ling Lin. "The Influence of Individualism-Collectivism and Self-Monitoring on Conflict Styles." International Journal of Intercultural Relations 15 (1991): 15.

Tully, James. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Umbreit, Mark S., and Robert B. Coates. Multicultural Implications of Restorative Justice: Potential Pitfalls and Dangers. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, 2000. Online (pdf):

University of Victoria Institute for Dispute Resolution. Making Peace and Sharing Power: A National Gathering on Aboriginal Peoples & Dispute Resolution, April 30-May 3, 1996, Victoria, British Columbia. Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1997.

van Tongeren, Paul., et al. People Building Peace II: Successful Stories of Civil Societies. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005.

Victor, Wenona. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in Aboriginal Contexts: A Critical Review. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Canadian Human Rights Commission, 2007. Available at

Volkan, Vamik. Blood Lines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism. New York: Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1997.

Volkan, Vamik. "Ethnicity and Nationalism: A Psychoanalytic Perspective" Applied Psychology: An International Review 47 (1998): 45-57.

Volkan, Vamik. "A Psychoanalytic Perspective on Intergroup Hatred" Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 3 (1) (1998): 78-80.

Volkan, Vamik. "Psychoanalysis and Diplomacy, Part I: Individual and Large Group Identity" Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. New York: Health Sciences Press, July, 1998.

Volkan, Vamik. "Psychoanalysis and Diplomacy, Part II: Large-group Rituals" Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 1 (1999): 223-247.

Watson-Gegeo, Karen Ann, and Geoffrey M. White. Disentangling: Conflict Discourse in Pacific Societies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990. read a review.

Wiesenthal, Simon. The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness. New York, NY: Schocken Books, 1998.

Yarn, D. H. "Transnational Conflict Resolution Practice: A Brief Introduction to the Context, Issues, and Searh for Best Practice in Exporting Conflict Resolution." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 19(3)(Spring 2002): 303-319.

Young, Iris. "Communication and the Other: Beyond Deliberative Democracy." In Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political, edited by Seyla Benhabib, 120-35. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Zartman, I. William, ed. Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts: African Conflict Medicine. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publisher, 1999.

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Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography (formerly Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography). Copyright 1997-2008 Catherine Morris. All rights reserved.

Adversarial Justice Limits . Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) . Apology & Forgiveness . Arbitration . Arts & Peacework . Books for Children & Youth . Caseflow Management . Collaborative Law Practice . Community Conflict . Conflict Analysis . Conflictos y Paz . Conflict Resolution & Conflict Management . Conflict Transformation . Critical Perspectives on ADR . Culture, Ethnicity & Conflict . Dispute Resolution Systems Design . Emotions & Conflict . Evaluation . Game Theory . Gender & Conflict . Human Rights . Humanitarian Action, Development . Indigenous Peoples . International Conflict . Judicial Dispute Resolution . Media, Conflict and Society . Mediation, Family . Mediation, Mandatory . Music of Peace . Negotiation . Negotiation, Crisis . Negotiation, Humanitarian . Nonviolent Direct Action . Ombudsman . Psycho-Social Perspectives . Post-Secondary Education . Public Dispute Resolution . Reconciliation/Transitional Justice . Religious Perspectives . Restorative Justice . Schools . Standards and Ethics . Technology, Computers . Terrorism . Theories of Conflict . Videorecordings . Workplace, Labour Conflict . Peacebuilding and Reconciliation in Rwanda . Reviews and Annotations . Acknowledgements . Search