the Peacemakers Trust
labyrinth logo is a trademark of Peacemakers Trust, a Canadian federally
incorporated non-profit corporation Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding:
A Selected Bibliography

Catherine Morris

Indigenous Peoples, Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation

Advanced Search on the Peacemakers Trust website
Suggestions, correction or comments
Back to Table of Contents

Search for an item in libraries near you: >>
Use Google™ to search Peacemakers Trust:

The significant contribution of Paulette Regan in developing this bibliography on indigenous peoples and conflict is gratefully acknowledged.

Able, Kerry, and Jean Friesen, eds. Aboriginal Resource Use in Canada: Historical and Legal Aspects. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1991.

Adler, Peter S. "Pig Wars: Mediating Forest Management Conflicts in Hawaii." Negotiation Journal 1995 (July): 209-215.

Alfred, Gerald R., and Franke Wilmer. "Indigenous Peoples, States and Conflict." In Wars in the Midst of Peace: The International Politics of Ethnic Conflict, edited by D. Carment and P. James. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.

Alfred, Taiaiake. Peace, Power, Righteousness: An Indigenous Manifesto Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Alfred, Taiaiake. Wasáse: Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom. Guelph, ON: Broadview Press, 2005.

Asch, Michael. "Aboriginal Self-Government and Canadian Constitutional Identity: Building Reconciliation." In Ethnicity and Aboriginality: Case Studies in Ethnonationalism, edited by Michael D. Levin, 29-52. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.

Asch, Michael, and Norman Zlotkin. "Affirming Aboriginal Title: A New Basis for Comprehensive Claims Negotiations." In Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality, and Respect for Difference, edited by M. Asch. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

Assembly of First Nations. Report on Canada's Dispute Resolution Plan to Compensate for Abuses in Indian Residential Schools. Ottawa: AFN, 2004.

Atkinson, Judy. "Voices in the Wilderness: Restoring Justice to Traumatised Peoples." University of New South Wales Law Journal 25(1)(2002): 233-241.

Austin, R.D. "Freedom, responsibility and duty: ADR and the Navajo Peacemaker Court." The Judges' Journal 32(2) (1993): 8.

Barnes, Bruce. "Building Conflict Resolution Infrastructure in the Central and South Pacific: Indigenous Populations and Their Conflicts with Governments." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 19 (3)(Spring 2002): 345-361.

Barsh, Russel L., and Krisma Bastien. 1998. Effective Negotiation by Indigenous Peoples: An Action Guide with Special Reference to North America. International Labour Organization, April 22, 1998.

Beattie, Scott. "Is Mediation a Real Alternative to Law? Pitfalls for Aboriginal Participants." Australian Dispute Resolution Journal 8 (1997) 57.

Behrendt, Larissa. "Aboriginal Urban Identity: Preserving the Spirit, Protecting the Traditional in Non-Traditional Settings." Australian Feminist Law Journal 4(1994): 55.

Behrendt, Larissa. Aboriginal Dispute Resolution: A Step Towards Self-Determination and Community Autonomy. Sydney: Federation Press, 1995.

Bell, Catherine. Contemporary Metis Justice: The Settlement Way. Edmonton, Alberta: Metis Settlement Appeals Tribunal, 1999.

Bell, Catherine, and David Kahane, eds. Intercultural Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal Contexts Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 2004. read a review.

Blagg, H. "A Just Measure of Shame? Aboriginal Youth and Conference in Australia." British Journal of Criminology 37(4) (1997): 482.

Bobiwash, A. Rodney. "Long Term Strategies for Institutional Change in Universities and Colleges: Facilitating Native People Negotiating a Middle Ground." Fourth World Journal 4(1) 1999. Olympia, WA: Center For World Indigenous Studies, 1999.

Borrows, John. "Wampum at Niagara: The Royal Proclamation, Canadian Legal History and Self-Government." In Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality and Respect for Difference, edited by M. Asch. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

British Columbia Treaty Commission, and Law Commission of Canada. Speaking Truth to Power: A Treaty Forum, Vancouver, 2000.

Ciaccia, John. The Oka Crisis: A Mirror of the Soul. Dorval, Quebec: Maren Publications, 2000.

Claes, R., and D. Clifton. Needs and Expectations for Redress of Victims of Abuse at Residential Schools. Ottawa: The Law Commission of Canada, October, 1998.

Clairmont, Don, and Rick Linden. Developing and Evaluating Justice Projects in Aboriginal Communities: A Review of the Literature. Ottawa: Solicitor General of Canada, 1998.

Corntassel, Jeff, and Cindy Holder. "Who's sorry now? Government Apologies, Truth Commissions, and Indigenous Self-Determination in Australia, Canada, Guatemala, and Peru." Human Rights Review 9(4) (2008): 435-464.

Coyle, Michael. "Claims Resolution: A Healing Process?" In Sacred Lands: Aboriginal World Views, Claims and Conflicts, edited by J. Oakes, R. Riewe, K. Kinew and E. Maloney. Alberta: Canadian Circumpolar Institute, 1998.

Crowshoe, Reg, and Sybille Manneschmidt. Akak'stiman: A Blackfoot Framework for Decision-Making and Mediation Processes. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2002.

Cruikshank, Julie. The Social Life of Stories: Narrative and Knowledge in the Yukon Territory. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1998

Culhane, Dara. The Pleasure of the Crown: Anthropology, Law and First Nations. Burnaby: Talon Books, 1998.

Darling, Ian. Aboriginal Dispute Resolution: Justice and Conflict Management in Canada. Monograph. Peace Research Reviews 14(4): 1997. Dundas, ON: Peace Research Institute, Dundas, 1997.

Dockstator, Mark S. Towards an Understanding of Aboriginal Self-Government: A Proposed Theoretical Model and Illustrative Factual Analysis. Ph.D. Diss., York University, 1993.

Dunnigan, Cynthia. "On Aboriginal Peacemaking: A Selected Annotated Bibliography." In Toward an Understanding of Aboriginal Peacemaking, by Richard Price and Cynthia Dunnigan. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1995.

Epp, Roger. "We are all Treaty People: History, Reconciliation and the 'Settler Problem'." In Dilemmas of Reconciliation: Cases and Concepts, edited by C.A.L. Prager and T. Govier, 223-244. Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2003.

Fisher, Robin. Contact and Conflict: Indian-European Relations in British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1992.

Fiske, Jo-anne, and Betty Patrick. Cis dideen kat: (When the Plumes Rise): The Way of the Lake Babine Nation. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2000. read a review.

Green, R. G. Justice in Aboriginal Communities: Sentencing Alternatives. Saskatoon, SK: Purich, 1998.

Goldberg, Carole. "Overextended Borrowing: Tribal Peacemaking Applied in Non-Indian Disputes." Washington Law Review 72 (1993): 1003-19.

Grose, Peter R. 1995. "An Indigenous Imperative: The Rationale for the Recognition of Aboriginal Dispute Resolution Mechanisms." Mediation Quarterly 12 (4) (Summer)(1995): 327-338.

Grose, Peter R., "Towards a Better Tomorrow: A Perspective on Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal Communities in Queensland." Australian Dispute Resolution Journal 5 (1994): 28.

Gunstone, Andrew."Unfinished Business: The Australian Reconciliation Process from 1991 to 2000." Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues 8, no. 3-4 (2007): 16-34.

Haberfeld, Steven, and Jon Townsend. "Power and Dispute Resolution in Indian Country." Mediation Quarterly 10(4) (Summer) 1993: 405-422.

Haslip, Susan. "The (Re)Introduction of Restorative Justice in Kahnawake: 'Beyond Indigenization'." Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law 9(1)(March 2002)

Hazlehurst, Kayleen M. A Healing Place: Indigenous Visions for Personal Empowerment and Community Recovery. Rockhampton: Queensland University Press, 1994.

Havemann, Paul, ed. Indigenous Peoples Rights in Australia, Canada and New Zealand. Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1999.

House of Commons Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Fourth Report: Study on the Effectiveness of the Government Alternative Dispute Resolution Process for the Resolution of Indian Residential School Claims. Adopted by the Committee on March 24, 2005; Presented to the House on April 7, 2005; Concurred in by the House on April 12, 2005. Available at

Huber, Marg. "Mediation Around the Medicine Wheel." Mediation Quarterly 10 (1993): 355-365.

Jackson, Michael. "In Search of the Pathways to Justice: Alternative Dispute Resolution in Aboriginal Communities." University of British Columbia Law Review Special Edition 147 (1992): 147-238.

James, Matt. "A Carnival of Truth? Knowledge, Ignorance and the Canadian Truth and Reconciliation Commission." International Journal of Transitional Justice 2012: 1–23.

Jamieson, Roberta. "Dispute Resolution: A Just Resolution?" In Seeking Common Ground. Proceedings of 21st Annual International Conference, Toronto, Canada, October 20-23, 1993, 61-64. Washington, D.C.: Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1994.

LaPrairie, Carol. "Conferencing in Aboriginal Communities in Canada: Finding Middle Ground in Criminal Justice?" 6 Criminal Law Forum 9 (1995): 570, 584.

Law Commission of Canada. Restoring Dignity: Responding to Child Abuse in Canadian Institutions. Law Commission of Canada, 2000.

Law Commission of Canada. Speaking Truth to Power: A Treaty Forum. Ottawa: Law Commission of Canada, 2001.

LeBaron, Duryea Michelle, and Jim Potts. "Story and Legend: Powerful Tools for Conflict Resolution." Mediation Quarterly 10 (4 Summer) 1993: 387-96.

LeResche, Diane, ed. Native American Perspectives on Peacemaking. Special Issue. Mediation Quarterly 10(4) (1993). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1993.

Little Bear, Leroy. "Dispute Settlement Among the Naidanac." In Introduction to Jurisprudence, edited by Richard Devlin. Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 1990

Lieder, Michael D. "Navajo Dispute Resolution and Promissory Obligations: Continuity and Change in the Largest Native American Nation." American Indian Law Review 18(1) (1993): 1-74.

Llewellyn, Jennifer J. "Dealing With the Legacy of Native Residential School Abuse in Canada: Litigation, ADR, and Restorative Justice." University of Toronto Law Journal 52(3)(Summer, 2002): 253-300.

Mansfield, Emily. "Balance and Harmony: Peacemaking in Coast Salish Tribes of the Pacific Northwest." Mediation Quarterly 10 (1993): 339-353.

McCallum, Andrea Gaye. "Dispute Resolution Mechanisms in the Resolution of Comprehensive Aboriginal Claims: Power Imbalance Between Aboriginal Claimants and Governments." E Law - Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law 2(1) (April 1995).

McCue, Lorna June. Treaty-Making from an Indigenous Perspective: A Ned'u'ten-Canadian Treaty Model. LL.M Thesis, Faculty of Law. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia, 1998.

McIntosh, Ian S. Aboriginal Reconciliation and the Dreaming. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

McIntosh, Ian S., ed. Visions of the Future: The Prospect for Reconciliation. Cultural Survival Quarterly 23(4) (Winter 1999).

McKee, Christopher. Treaty Talks in British Columbia: Negotiating a Mutually Beneficial Future. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1996.

Mercredi, Ovide, and Mary Ellen Turpel. In the Rapids: Navigating the Future of First Nations. Toronto: Viking Press, 1993.

Miller, Bruce G. The Problem of Justice: Tradition and Law in the Coast Salish World. Edited by G. M. Sider and K. Dombrowski, Fourth World Rising. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2001.

Mills, Antonia. Eagle Down is Our Law: Witsuwit'en Law, Feasts and Land Claims. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1994.

Montminy, Joelle. The Search for Appropriate Dispute Resolution Mechanisms to Resolve Aboriginal Land Claims: Empowerment and Recognition. LL.M Thesis, Faculty of Law. Vancouver, University of British Columbia, 1996.

Monture-OKanee, Patricia A. "Alternative Dispute Resolution: A Bridge to Aboriginal Experience?" In Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate, edited by Catherine Morris and Andrew Pirie. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994.

Monture-Okanee, Patricia, and Mary Ellen Turpel. "Aboriginal Peoples and Canadian Criminal Law: Rethinking Justice". University of British Columbia Law Review 26 (1992): 239-277.

Morrell, Mike. "The Struggle to Integrate Traditional Indian Systems and State Management in the Salmon Fisheries of the Skeena River, British Columbia." In Co-operative Management of Local Fisheries: New Directions for Improved Management and Community Development, edited by E. Pinkerton. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1989.

Nahanee, T. "Dancing with a Gorilla: Aboriginal Women, Justice and the Charter," in Aboriginal Peoples and the Justice System: Report of the National Round Table on Aboriginal Justice Issues, edited by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services, 1993.

Napoleon, Val. "By Whom, and by What Processes, Is Restorative Justice Defined." In Restorative Justice, editre by Howard Zehr and Barbara Toews. New York: Criminal Justice Press, 2004.

Nuffield, Joan. A Background Paper Prepared for the Indigenous Justice Workshop Of The 11th Commonwealth Law Conference, Vancouver, Canada, August 27, 1996 Vancouver: The International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy, 1996. Available online at

Parisi, Laura, and Jeff Corntassel. "In Pursuit of Self-Determination: Indigenous Women's Challenges to 'Traditional' Diplomatic Spaces." Canadian Foreign Policy: Special Issue on Indigenous Diplomacies 13(3)(Spring, 2007): 81-98.

Pranis, Kay, Barry Stuart, and Mark Wedge. Peacemaking Circles: From Crime to Community. St. Paul: Living Justice Press, 2003.

Price, Richard T. and Cynthia Dunnigan. Toward an Understanding of Aboriginal Peacemaking. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1995. read a review

Ray, Arthur J., Jim Miller, and Frank Tough. Bounty and Benevolence: A History of Saskatchewan Treaties, 2000.

Regan, Paulette. "An Apology Feast in Hazelton: Indian Residential Schools, Reconciliation, and Making Space for Indigenous Legal Traditions." In Indigenous Legal Traditions, edited by Law Commission Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2007.

Regan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Canada's Peacemaker Myth, Reconciliation, and Transformative Pathways to Decolonization. PhD Dissertation. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria, 2006.

Regan, Paulette. Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools, Truth Telling, and Reconciliation in Canada. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2010.

Rogers, Shelagh, Mike DeGagné, Jonathan Dewar, and Glen Lowry, eds. Speaking My Truth: Reflections on Reconciliation & Residential Schools. Canada: Aboriginal Healing Foundation, 2013.

Ross, Rupert. Dancing With a Ghost. London: Butterworths, 1992.

Ross, Rupert. Returning to the Teaching: Exploring Aboriginal Justice. New York: Penguin, 1996.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Ottawa, Canada: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, 1996.

Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. "Treaty Making in the Spirit of Co-existence: An Alternative to Extinguishment." Ottawa: RCAP, 1995.

Rudin, Jonathan, and Dan Russell. Native Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems: The Canadian Future In The Light Of The American Past. Toronto: Ontario Native Council on Justice, 1993.

Ryan, Joan. Doing Things the Right Way: Dene Traditional Justice in Lac La Martre, N.W.T. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1995.

St. Germain, Jill. Indian Treaty-Making Policy in the United States and Canada, 1867-1877. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.

Sauve, Madeleine. "Mediation: Towards an Aboriginal Conception." Aboriginal Law Bulletin 80 (1996): 10.

Scholtz, Christa. Negotiating Claims: The Emergence of Indigenous Land Claim Negotiation Policies in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. New York and London: Routledge, 2006.

Stuart, Barry R. Building Community Justice Partnerships: Commmunity Peacemaking Circles. Ottawa: Department of Justice Canada, Aboriginal Justice Section, 1997.

Stuart, Barry R. "Sentencing Circles: Making 'Real Differences'." In Rethinking Disputes: The Mediation Alternative, edited by Julie Macfarlane. Toronto: Emond Montgomery, and London, UK: Cavendish Publishing, 1997.

Sullivan, P. "Dealing with Native Title Conflicts by Recongnising Aboriginal Authority Systems." In Fighting Over Country: Anthropological Perspectives, edited by D.E. Smith, and J. Finlayson. Canberra: Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, 1997.

Tennant, Paul. Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1990.

Torpey, John, ed. Politics and the Past: On Repairing Historical Injustices. Boulder: Rowman & Littlefield Publisher Inc., 2003.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Winnipeg: TRC, 2015.

Tully, James. "Aboriginal Peoples: Negotiating Reconciliation." In Canadian Politics, edited by J. Bickerton and A.-G. Gagnon. Toronto: Broadview Press, 1999.

Tully, James. "Reconsidering the BC Treaty Process." Paper presented at Speaking Truth to Power: A Treaty Forum, Vancouver, BC. 2000.

University of Victoria Institute for Dispute Resolution. Making Peace and Sharing Power: A National Gathering on Aboriginal Peoples & Dispute Resolution, April 30-May 3, 1996, Victoria, British Columbia, edited by Catherine Morris. Victoria, B.C.:University of Victoria Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1997.

Venne, Sharon H. "Treaty Making and its Potential for Conflict Resolution Between Indigenous Nations and the Canadian State." In Blind Spots: An Examination of the Federal Government's Response to the Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Ottawa, Canada: Aboriginal Rights Coalition, 2001.

Venne, Sharon. "Understanding Treaty 6: An Indigenous Perspective." In Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality and Respect for Difference, edited by M. Asch. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.

Victor, Wenona. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in Aboriginal Contexts: A Critical Review. Ottawa, ON, Canada: Canadian Human Rights Commission, 2007. Available at

Warry, Wayne. Unfinished Dreams: Community Healing and the Reality of Aboriginal Self-Government. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Weber, Jeremy. "Relations of Force and Relations of Justice: The Emergence of Normative Community Between Colonists and Aboriginal Peoples." Osgoode Hall Law Journal 33 (1995): 623.

Williams, Robert A., Jr. Linking Arms Together: American Indian Treaty Visions of Law and Peace. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Woolford, Andrew. "Negotiating Affirmative Repair: Symbolic Violence in the British Columbia Treaty Process." The Canadian Journal of Sociology 29 (1) (Winter 2004): 111-144.

Yazzie, Robert. "Healing as Justice: The American Experience." Justice As Healing. (Spring 1995). Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Native Law Centre, University of Saskatchewan.

Yazzie, Robert. "Life Comes From It." In Context (38) (1994) 29. Langley, WA: Context Institute, 1994.

Yazzie, Robert. "Navajo Response to Crime." Justice as Healing 3(2) (1998) Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Native Law Centre, University of Saskatchewan.

Yazzie, Robert, and James W. Zion. "Slay The Monsters: Peacemaker Court and Violence Control Plans for The Navajo Nation. In Popular Justice And Community Regeneration: Pathways Of Indigenous Reform, edited by K.N. Hazelhurst, 67. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995.

Zion James W. "The Dynamics of Navajo Peacemaking." Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 14(1) (February 1998): 58-74.

Zion, J. W. "The Navajo Peacemaker Court: Deference to the Old and Accommodation to the New." American Indian Law Review 11 (1985): 89.

to top of page

Return to Introduction and Table of Contents
Return to Peacemakers Trust

photo copyright Mats Flemstrom
photo © MF

Adversarial Justice Limits . Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) . Apology & Forgiveness . Arbitration . Arts & Peacework . Books for Children & Youth . Caseflow Management . Collaborative Law Practice . Community Conflict . Conflict Analysis . Conflictos y Paz . Conflict Resolution & Conflict Management . Conflict Transformation . Critical . Culture, Ethnicity & Conflict . Dispute Resolution Systems Design . Emotions & Conflict . Environment, Public Policy & Conflict . Evaluation . Game Theory . Gender & Conflict . Human Rights . Humanitarian Action, Development . Indigenous Peoples . International Conflict . Judicial Dispute Resolution . Media, Conflict and Society . Mediation, Family . Mediation, Mandatory . Music of Peace . Negotiation . Negotiation, Crisis . Negotiation, Humanitarian . Nonviolent Direct Action . Ombudsman . Psycho-Social Perspectives . Post-Secondary Education . Reconciliation/Transitional Justice . Religious Perspectives . Restorative Justice . Schools . Standards and Ethics . Technology, Computers . Terrorism . Theories of Conflict . Videorecordings . Workplace, Labour Conflict . Peacebuilding and Reconciliation in Rwanda . Reviews and Annotations . Acknowledgements . Search