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Catherine Morris

Just War Theories: Philosophical, Religious and International Law Perspectives

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Also see:
Bibliography on Terrorism (off this page)
Bibliography on Nonviolence (off this page)
Links to other resources and bibliographies:
   - Hinman, Lawrence, ed. International Committee of the Red Cross: International humanitarian law and terrorism: questions and answers. Geneva: ICRC, 2001.
   - Peace Palace Library. Introduction and bibliography on terrorism.

Augustine of Hippo (354-430). The City of God, Book XIX. Available at https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/120119.htm. See original Latin text

Augustine The Free Choice of the Will, translated by Thomas Williams. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1993. (c.387 AD) (See on Google books

Augustine. Reply to Faustus, the Manicheaean (Contra Faustum, Manichaeum), Bk. XXII (c. 400 AD). Available at https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/140622.htm

Augustine. Letter 138, to Marcellinus. Available at https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1102138.htm

Augustine. Letter 139, to Boniface (c. 423 AD). Available at https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1102139.htm

Augustine. Letter 229, to Darius (c. 429 AD) Available at https://www.newadvent.org/fathers/1102229.htm

Augustine. Quaestiones in Heptateuchem (Questions Concerning the Heptateuch) VI, qu. 10. https://www.bibliotheque-monastique.ch/bibliotheque/bibliotheque/saints/augustin/questions/ (French/français)

Augustine. Sermon 302 Available https://www.bibliotheque-monastique.ch/bibliotheque/bibliotheque/saints/augustin/sermons/sermons2/solpan/302.htm (French only/français)

Aquinas, Thomas (1225-1274). On War In The Summa Theologica Part II, Question 40.

Aquinas, Thomas. "On War." Question 40 in The Summa Theologica. Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. Benziger Bros. edition, 1947. Available at https://www.ccel.org/a/aquinas/summa/SS/SS040.html

Boulding, Elise. "Two Cultures of Religion as Obstacles to Peace." Zygon 21 (December, 1986): 501-18.

Brunnée, Jutta and Stephen J. Toope. "Slouching Towards New 'Just' Wars: International Law and the Use of Force After September 11th." Netherlands International Law Review 51(3)(December 2004): 363-392.

Brunnée, Jutta and Stephen J. Toope. "Slouching Towards New 'Just' Wars: The Hegemon after September 11th." International Relations 18(2004): 405-423.

Cahill, Lisa Sowle. Love Your Enemies: Discipleship, Pacifism, and Just War Theory. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress Press, 1994.

Chesterman, Simon. Just War or Just Peace: Humanitarian Intervention and International Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Childress, James E. "Just-War Theories." Theological Studies (1978): 427-445.

Christopher, Paul. The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction to Legal and Moral Issues. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1994.

Clouse, Robert G., ed. War: Four Christian Views. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1991.

Coates, A. J. The Ethics of War. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1997.

de Las Casas, Bartholomé (1474 - 1566). In Defense of the Indians: The Defense of the Most Reverend Lord, Don Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas, of the Order of Preachers, Late Bishop of Chiapa against the Persecutors and Slanderers of the Peoples of the New World Discovered across the Seas. Translated and edited by Stafford Poole. Dekalb, Ill: Northern Illinois University Press, 1992.

de Vitoria, Francisco (1486-1546) On the Law of War (De Indis Relectio Posterior, sive de iure belli): De bello contra indios.

Derksen, John. "Nonviolent Political Action in Sixteenth-Century Strasbourg: The Ziegler Brothers" Mennonite Quarterly Review 78 (4)(October 2004): 543-556.

Derksen, John. "Peacemaking Principles Drawn from Opposition to the Crusades, 1095-1276" Peace Research 36(2)(November 2004): 41-58.

Driver, John. How Christians Made Peace With War: Early Christian Understandings of War. Scottdale PA and Waterloo, ON: Herald Press, 1988. read a review.

Duffy, Helen. The 'War on Terror' and the Framework of International Law. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke, et al. But Was It Just?: Reflections on the Morality of the Persian Gulf War. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke, ed. Just War Theory. Washington Square, New York: New York University Press, 1991.

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. "The Just War Tradition and Natural Law." Fordham International Law Journal 28 (2004-2005): 742-755.

Evans, Gareth, and Mohamed Sahnoun, Co-Chairs, et al. Responsibility to Protect: Report of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, December 2001. Available online: https://www.idrc.ca/en/book/responsibility-protect-report-international-commission-intervention-and-state-sovereignty?PublicationID=240

Federalist Society, ed. International Law and the Use of Force. Proceedings of Federalist Society Conference 2000, 2003, available online at https://fedsoc.org/commentary/publications/international-law-and-the-use-of-force.

Franck, Thomas M. "When, If Ever, May States Deploy Military Force Without Prior Security Council Authorization?" Washington University Journal of Law and Policy 5 (2001): 51.

Friesen, Duane K. Christian Peacemaking and International Conflict: A Realist Pacifist Perspective Scottdale: Herald Press, l986.

Galtung, Johan. Pax Pacifica: Terrorism, the Pacific Hemisphere, Globalisation and Peace Studies. London: Pluto Press, 2005.

Gray, Christine. International Law and the Use of Force. Second edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Grotius, Hugo. On the Law of War and Peace (De Jure Belli ac Pacis). Translated by A. C. Campbell London, 1814. Available http://www.constitution.org/gro/djbp.htm

Grotius, Hugo. The Law of War and Peace (De Jure Belli ac Pacis). Translated by Francis W. Kelsey Oxford, 1025. Available https://lonang.com/library/reference/grotius-law-war-and-peace/

Hassner, Ron. "Islamic Just War Theory and the Challenge of Sacred Space in Iraq." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007, available at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p209508_index.html

Hauerwas, Stanley. "Whose 'Just' War? Which Peace?" In But Was It Just?: Reflections on the Morality of the Persian Gulf War, by Elshtain, Jean Bethke, et al., 83-106. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Hoffman, R. Joseph, ed. Just War and Jihad: Violence in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2006.

Holmes, Robert L. On War and Morality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Holmes, Robert L. "St. Augustine on the Justification of War. In On War and Morality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989, 114-145.

Holmes, Robert L., ed. War and Christian Ethics: Classic and Contemporary Readings on the Morality of War. Second edition. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005.

Johnson, James Turner. Can Modern War Be Just? New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.

Johnson, James Turner. The Holy War Idea in Western and Islamic Traditions. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997.

Johnson, James Turner. Ideology, Reason, and the Limitation of War: Religious and Secular Concepts, 1200-1740. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Johnson, James Turner. "Just War, As It Was and Is." First Things (January 2005): 14-24

Johnson, James Turner. Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War: A Moral and Historical Inquiry. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981.

Johnson, James Turner. Morality and Contemporary Warfare. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Johnson, James Turner. The Quest for Peace: Three Moral Traditions in Western Cultural History . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987

Johnson, James Turner, and John Kelsay, eds. Cross, Crescent, and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Ignatieff, Michael. The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Kant, Immanuel. Perpetual Peace . Translated by Lewis White Beck. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1957. Available on http://www.constitution.org/kant/perpeace.htm

Keen, Benjamin. "The Legacy of Bartolomé de Las Casas." Ibero-Americana Pragensia 11 (1977): 57-67.

Kelsay, John. Arguing the Just War in Islam. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Kelsay, John, and James Turner Johnson, eds. Just War and Jihad: Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Kemp, Kenneth W. "Just-War Theory: A Reconceptualization." Public Affairs Quarterly 2(2)(April 1988): 57-74.

Khadduri, Majid. War And Peace in the Law of Islam. Clark, NJ: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2007. Originally published Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1955.

Lackey, Douglas. The Ethics of War and Peace. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989.

Lee, Thomas H. "Augustinian Just War Tradition and the Problem of Pretext in Humanitarian Intervention." Fordham International Law Journal 28 (2004-2005): 756-762.

Lenihan, David A. "The Just War Theory in the Work of Saint Augustine." Augustinian Studies 19 (1988): 37-70.

Maguire, Daniel C. The Horrors We Bless: Rethinking the Just-War Legacy. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2007.

Maldonado-Torres, Nelson. Against War: Views from the Underside of Modernity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008.

Marrin, Albert, ed. War and the Christian Conscience, from Augustine to Martin Luther King, Jr. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1971

Mattox, John Mark. Saint Augustine and the Theory of Just War. New York: Continuum, 2006.

Meredith, Spencer. "Shared Norms Between Estranged Bedfellows: Christian Just War and International Human Rights" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007. Available at http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/1/8/0/1/3/pages180130/p180130-1.php.

Miller, Richard Brian, ed. War in the 20th Century: Sources in Theological Ethics. Louisville, KY: John Knox Press, 1992.

Niebuhr, Reinhold. Love and Justice: Selections from the Shorter Writings of Reinhold Niebuhr, edited by D. B. Robertson. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1992.

O'Brien, William V. The Conduct of Just and Limited War. New York: Praeger, 1981.

Orend, Brian. Michael Walzer on War and Justice. Montreal and Cardiff : McGill-Queen's University Press and University of Wales Press, 2000.

Orend, Brian. The Morality of War Peterborough, Canada: Broadview Press, 2006.

Orend, Brian. War and International Justice: A Kantian Perspective. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2000.

Presbey, Gail M., ed. Philosophical Perspectives on the "War on Terrorism". Amsterdam/New York: Editions Rodopi, 2007.

Ramsey, Paul The Just War: Force and Political Responsibility. New York: Scribner's, 1968.

Ramsey, Paul War and the Christian Conscience. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1961.

Rigali, Norbert J. , SJ, Sanford Lakoff, and Rodney Peffer. Just War Theory: Bombs in the Balkans. Videorecordings. The Values Institute/Ethics across the Curriculum. University of San Diego, April 14, 1999

Russell, Frederick H. "War." In Augustine through the Ages. An Encyclopedia, edited by Allan D. Fitzgerald, O.S.A., 875-876. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999.

Silverman, Adam L. "Just War, Jihad, and Terrorism: A Comparison of Western and Islamic Norms for the Use of Political Violence." Journal of Church and State 44 (Winter 2002): 73-92.

Smith. J. Warren. "Augustine and the Limits of Preemptive and Preventive War." Journal of Religious Ethics 35(1)(2007):141-162.

Swartley, Willard M. Slavery Sabbath War & Women: Case Issues in Biblical Interpretation. Scottdale PA and Waterloo, ON: Herald Press, 1983.

Tillich, Paul. Theology of Peace, edited by Ronald H. Stone. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1990.

Travalio, Gregory M. "Terrorism, International Law and the Use of Military Force." Wisconsin International Law Journal18 (2000): 145

University of Victoria Division of Continuing Studies, ed. Responses to Terrorism: A Reader. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria Division of Continuing Studies, 2002.

Waldock, C.H.M. "The Regulation of the Use of Force by Individual States in International Law," Recueil des Cours 81 (1952): 455

Walzer, Michael. Arguing about War. New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2004.

Walzer, Michael. Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. 3rd ed. New York, Basic Books, 2000.

Warriner, Wallace F. "The Unilateral Use of Coercion Under International Law: A Legal Analysis of the United States Raid on Libya on April 14, 1986." Naval L. Rev.37: 49.

Yoder, John Howard. What Would You Do? Waterloo, ON: Herald Press, 1992.

Yoder, John Howard. When War Is Unjust. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis, 1996.

Yoder; John Howard, Theodore J. Koontz and Andy Alexis-Baker, eds. Christian Attitudes to War, Peace, and Revolution. Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2009.

Zawati, Hilmi. Is Jihad a Just War? War, Peace and Human Rights under Islamic and Public International Law. Lewiston, NY: E. Mellen Press, 2001.

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