the Peacemakers Trust
labyrinth logo is a trademark of Peacemakers Trust, a Canadian federally
incorporated non-profit corporation Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding:
A Selected Bibliography

Catherine Morris

Ethics, Standards and Qualifications: Negotiation and Dispute Resolution

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For some codes of ethics and standards of practice in Alternative Dispute Resolution, please see Standards for Dispute Resolution Practice and Training


Arthurs, H.W. "The Dead Parrot: Does Professional Self Regulation Exhibit Vital Signs." Alberta Law Review 33 (1995): 800-809.

Academy of Family Mediators. Standards of Practice for Family and Divorce Mediation. Lexington, MA: Academy of Family Mediators, 1998.

Adler, Peter. "Casting Sunshine On Settlements." Negotiation Journal 6(4) (1990): 305-308.

Alfini, James J. "Settlement Ethics and Lawyering in ADR Proceedings: A Proposal to Revize Rule 4.1" N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 19 (1999): 255.

Alfini, James J. "Trashing, Bashing and Hashing It Out: Is This the End of 'Good Mediation'." Florida State University Law Review 19 (1991): 57-75.

American Bar Association, Section on Litigation. "Ethical Guidelines for Settlement Negotiations." Chicago: American Bar Association, 2002.

American Bar Association (ABA) and Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR). Model Standards of Confuct for Mediators. Washington, D.C.: SPIDR, 1995.

Aquinas, Thomas Summa Theologica. Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province. New York: Benziger Bros, 1947.

Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by David Ross. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Reprint, 1998.

Arjoon, Surendra. "Ethical Decision-Making: A Case for the Triple Font Theory." Journal of Business Ethics 71, no. 4 (2007): 395-410.

Association for Conflict Resolution, ed. A Matter of Ethics. Special edition of ACResolution 3(3) (Spring 2004).

Bailey, Jennifer C. "The Search to Clarify an Elusive Standard: What Relationships between Arbitrator and Party Demonstrate Evident Partiality?" Journal of Dispute Resolution (2000): 153-163.

Banaji, M.R., M.H. Bazerman, and D. Chugh. "How (Un)ethical are you?" Harvard Business Review (December 2003).

Barsky, Allan Edward. "Issues in the Termination of Mediation Due to Abuse." Mediation Quarterly 13 (1995):19-35

Barry, Bruce, and Robert Robinson, eds. Ethical Issues in Conflict Resolution. International Negotiation: A Journal of Theory and Practice 7 (2) 2002.

Bernard, Phyllis, and Bryant Garth, eds. Dispute Resolution Ethics: A Comprehensive Guide Washington, D.C.: American Bar Association, Section of Dispute Resolution, 2002.

Bernard, Sydney E., Joseph B. Folger, Helen R. Weingarten, and Zena R. Zumeta. "The Neutral Mediator: Value Dilemmas in Divorce Mediation." In Ethics, Standards, and Professional Challenges. Mediation Quarterly 4 (1984): 61-74. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bickerman, John. "Handling Potential Conflicts of Interest in Mediation." Alternatives 14 (1996) 83-84.

Boskey, James B. "The Proper Role of the Mediator: Rational Assessment, Not Pressure." Negotiation Journal 10(4) (October 1994):367-372.

Breger, Marshall J. "Should an Attorney Be Required to Advise a Client on ADR Options?" Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 13 (Spring 2000): 427.

British Columbia Mediator Roster Society. Standards of Conduct for Mediators. Victoria, B.C.: B.C. Mediator Roster Society, June 1998.

Brosnan, Donald F. "Virtue Ethics in a Perfectionist Theory of Law and Justice." Cardozo Law Review 11 (1989-1990): 335-425.

Bush, Robert A. Baruch. "Defining Quality in Dispute Resolution: Taxonomies and Anti-Taxonomies of Quality Arguments." Denver University Law View 66 (1989): 335-80.

Bush, Robert A. Baruch. "Efficiency and Protection or Empowerment and Recognition?: The Mediators Role and Ethical Standards in Mediation." Florida Law Review 41(2) (1989): 253-86.

Bush, Robert A. Baruch. "Proposed Standards of Practice for Mediators." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 50.

Bush, Robert A. Baruch. "Symposium: The Dilemmas of Mediation Practice: A Study of Ethical Dilemmas and Policy Implications." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 1-55 (1994a), first published as The Dilemmas of Mediation Practice: A Study of Ethical Dilemmas and Policy Implications. Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1992

Bush, Robert A. Baruch. "A Reply to the Commentators on the Ethical Dilemmas Study." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 87-91.

Canadian Bar Association. Report of the Working Group on Recommendation 36 of the Systems of Civil Justice Implementation Committee: Model Principles to Assist Courts in Developing Criteria for the Training, Monitoring and Supervising of Individuals Who Proved Court-Connected Mediation Services in Civil and Family Cases. Toronto: Canadian Bar Association, February 1999.

Carr, Albert Z. "Is Business Bluffing Ethical?" In What's Fair: Ethics for Negotiation, edited by Carrie Menkel-Meadow and Michael Wheeler, 246-56. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.

Center for Dispute Settlement, and The Institute for Judicial Administration. National Standards for Court- Connected Mediation Programs. 1992.

Cobb, Sara. "Einsteinian Practice and Newtonian Discourse: An Ethical Crisis in Mediation." Negotiation Journal (January 1991), 87-102.

Cobb, Sara, and Rifkin, Janet. "Practice and Paradox: Deconstructing Neutrality in Mediation." Law and Social Inquiry. 16 (1) (1991): 35-62.

Cohen, Jonathan R. "The Ethics of Respect in Negotiation." In What's Fair: Ethics for Negotiation, edited by Carrie Menkel-Meadow and Michael Wheeler, 257-63. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.

Cooks, Leda M., and Claudia L. Hale. "The Construction of Ethics in Mediation." Mediation Quarterly 12(1) (Fall 1994):55-76.

Cobb, Sara, and Janet Rifkin. "Neutrality as a Discursive Practice: The Construction and Transformation of Narratives in Community Mediation." In Studies in Law, Politics and Society11, edited by Susan Silbey and Austin Sarat, 69-91. Greenwich, Conn: JAI Press, 1991.

Cohen, Jonathan R. "When People Are the Means: Negotiating with Respect." Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 14, no. 3 (2001): 739-802.

Cramton, Peter C., and J. Gregory Dees. "Promoting Honesty in Negotiation: An Exercise in Practical Ethics." Business Ethics Quarterly 3, no. 4 (1993): 1-23.

Coyle, Michael. "Defending the Weak and Fighting Unfairness: Can Mediators Respond to the Challenge?" Osgoode Hall Law Journal 36(4)(1998): 625-66.

Davis, Albie. "Ensuring High Quality Mediation: The Issue of Credentialing." Conciliation Quarterly 11 (Summer 1992): 1-13.

Davis, Albie M. "Ethics: No one Ever Said It Would Be Easy: Bush's Contribution to Mediation Practice." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 75-79

Deason, Ellen. "Predictable Mediation Confidentiality in the U.S. Federal System." Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 17(2002): 239-319.

Deason, Ellen. "The Quest for Uniformity in Mediation Confidentiality: Foolish Consistency or Crucial Predictability?," Marquette Law Review 85 (2001): 79-111.

Deason, Ellen. "Enforcing Mediated Settlement Agreements: Contract Law Collides With Confidentiality." University of California Davis Law Review 35(2001): 33-102.

Dees, J. Gregory, and Peter C. Cramton. "Shrewd Bargaining on the Moral Frontier: Toward a Theory of Morality in Practice." Business Ethics Quarterly 1, no. 2 (1991): 135-67.

Dworkin, Joan, Lynn Jacob and Elizabeth Scott. "The Boundaries Between Mediation and Therapy: Ethical Dilemmas." Mediation Quarterly 9 (2) (Winter 1991): 107-119.

Edelman, Joel. "A Commentary on Family Mediation Standards." Mediation Quarterly 13 (1986): 97-102.

Ellis, Desmond, and Family Mediation Canada. "Certificate Implementation Pilot Project Evaluation Report." In Appendix 10, National Certification Implementation Pilot Project 1997-1999, Report of Family Mediation Canada in partnership with the Ministry of the Attorney General of British Columbia prepared for Department of Justice, by Peggy English and Linda Neilson in collaboration with Wendy Hacking. Kitchener, ON: Family Mediation Canada, 1999.

English, Peggy. "Report and Recommendations of Certification and Standards." Resolve 7 (February 1994): 1, 14-20.

English, Peggy, and Linda Neilson, with Wendy Hacking. National Certification Implementation Pilot Project 1997-1999. Report of Family Mediation Canada in partnership with the Ministry of the Attorney General of British Columbia prepared for Department of Justice. Kitchener, ON: Family Mediation Canada, 1999.

Fairman, Christopher. "A Proposed Model Rule for Collaborative Law." Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution 21, no. 1 (2005): 73-122.

Family Mediation Canada. Code of Professional Conduct. Guelph, Ontario: Family Mediation Canada, 1997.

Feer, Michael. "On 'A New Discourse for Mediation: A Critique of Neutrality' (MQ 9:2)." Mediation Quarterly 10(2) (Winter 1992): 173-177.

Feldman, Heidi Li. "Codes and Virtues: Can Lawyers Be Good Ethical Deliberators." Southern California Law Review 69(1996): 805-948.

Fitterer, Robert J. Love and Objectivity in Virtue Ethics: Aristotle, Longergan, and Nussbaum on Emotions and Moral Insight Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008.

Forester, John. The Deliberative Practitioner: Encouraging Participatory Planning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999.

French, Warren, Christian Häßlein, and Robert van Es. "Constructivist Negotiation Ethics." Journal of Business Ethics 39 (2002): 83-90.

Fuller, Rex M., William D. Kimsey and Bruce C. McKinney. "Mediator Neutrality and Storytelling Order." Mediation Quarterly 10(2) (Winter 1992): 187-192.

Fund for Dispute Resolution. Report from the Toronto Forum on Woman Abuse and Mediation. Waterloo, Ontario: Fund for Dispute Resolution, 1993.

Galanter, Marc. "Compared to What? Assessing the Quality of Dispute Processing." Denver University Law Review 66 (1989): xi-xiv, xii.

Galanter, Marc. "Quality of Settlements." Journal of Dispute Resolution (1988): 55-84.

Gibson, Kevin. "Confidentiality in Mediation: A Moral Reassessment." Journal of Dispute Resolution (1992): 25-66.

Gibson, Kevin. "The Ethical Basis of Mediation: Why Mediators Need Philosophers." Mediation Quarterly, 7(1) (Fall 1989):41-50.

Gibson, Kevin. "The New Canon of Negotiation Ethics." Marquis Law Review 87(2003-2004): 747-752

Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 1990.

Gino, F., D.A. Moore, and M.H. Bazerman. "See No Evil: When We Overlook Other People's Unethical Behavior." Harvard Business School Working Paper, No. 08-045, January 2008. Available at http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/08-045.pdf

Girdner, Linda K. "Mediation Triage: Screening for Spouse Abuse in Divorce Mediation." Mediation Quarterly 6 (4) (1990): 365-76.

Glennon, Theresa. "Lawyers and Caring: Building an Ethic of Care into Professional Responsibility." Hastings Law Journal 43 (1992): 1175-86.

Gray, Owen V. "Protecting the Confidentiality of Communications in Mediation." Osgoode Hall Law Journal 36 (1998): 667-701.

Grebe, Sarah Childs. "Ethics and the Professional Family Mediator. Mediation Quarterly 10(2)(Winter 1992): 155-65.

Grebe, Sarah Childs, Karen Irvin, and Michael Lang. "A Model for Ethical Decision Making in Mediation." Mediation Quarterly 7(2) (Winter 1989):133-148

Grebe, Sarah Childs. "Ethics and the Professional Family Mediator." Mediation Quarterly 10(2) (Winter 1992):155-165

Habermas, Jurgen. Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Translated by Christian Lenhardt and Shierry Weber Nicholsen. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press, 1990.

Hart, Barbara. "Gentle Jeopardy: The Further Endangerment of Battered Women and Children in Custody Mediation," Mediation Quarterly 7 (4) (1990): 317-30.

Hart, E. Christine. Qualifications of Court Roster Mediators in Civil, Non-Family Cases. Report prepared for Ontario Civil Justice Review Task Force, October, 1995.

Hartfield, Edward F. "Qualifications and Training Standards for Mediators of Environmental and Public Policy Disputes." Seton Hall Legislative Journal 12 (1988): 109-24.

Hay, Linda T., Carol M. Carnevale, and Anthony V. Sinicropi. "Professionalization: Selected Ethical Issues in Dispute Resolution." Justice System Journal 9 (1984): 228-44.

Herrman, Margaret. "On Balance: Promoting Integrity Under Conflicted Mandates." Mediation Quarterly 11 (2) (Winter 1993):123-138

Honeyman, Christopher, Kathleen Miezio, and William C. Houlihan. In the Mind's Eye? Consistency and Variation in Evaluating Mediators. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School, 1990.

Honeyman, Christopher. "On Evaluating Mediators." Negotiation Journal 6 (January 1990): 23-36.

Honoroff, Brad, David Matz, and David O'Connor. "Putting Mediation Skills to the Test." Negotiation Journal 6 (January 1990): 37-46.

Horowitz, Bruce. "Bridge Ogres, Little Fishes and Positive Deviants: One-on-one deterrence of Public Functionary Extortion Demands." Paper presented at U.S. Lawyers Abroad: Running the Ethical Gauntlet. American Bar Association, Spring, 2006. Available online: https://www.scribd.com/document/39208854/Bridge-Ogres-Little-Fishes-and-Positive-Deviants-One-on-One-Deterrence-of-Public-Functionary-Extortion-Demands.

Horowitz, Bruce. "Negotiating With Extortionist Government Functionaries." The Negotiator Magazine (September 2007). Available online: http://www.negotiatormagazine.com/article395_1.html.

Horowitz, Bruce. "Negotiating With Extortionist Government Functionaries, Part 2: Legal, Logical, Moral and Emotional Barriers." The Negotiator Magazine (October 2007). Available online: http://www.negotiatormagazine.com/article399_1.html.

Horowitz, Bruce. "Negotiating With Extortionist Government Functionaries, Part 3: Preparing Yourself." The Negotiator Magazine (November 2007). Available online: http://www.negotiatormagazine.com/article405.html.

Horowitz, Bruce. "Negotiating With Extortionist Government Functionaries, Part 4." The Negotiator Magazine (December 2007 - January 2008). Available online: http://www.negotiatormagazine.com/article409.html.

Hughes, Patricia. "Ethics in Mediation: Which Rules? Whose Rules?" University of New Brunswick Law Journal 50 (2001): 251.

Hunt, Jennifer, and Sonia Laszlo. "Is Bribery Really Regressive? Bribery's Costs, Benefits and Mechanisms." World Development 40(2)(February 2012): 355-372.

Kant, Immanuel. "On a Supposed Right to Tell Lies from Benevolent Motives." In Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works on the Theory of Ethics. London: Kongmans, Green and Co, 1889.

Kovach, Kimberlee K. "Good Faith in Mediation - Requested, Recommended, or Required? A New Ethic." South Texas Law Review 38 (2) (1997): 575-623.

Kovach, Kimberlee, K. "New Wine Requires New Wineskins: Transforming Lawyer Ethics for Effective Representation in a Non-adversaial Approach to Problem-Solving: Mediation." Fordham Urban Law Journal 28(4) (2001): 935-977.

Kraybill, Ron, and John Paul Lederach. "Professionalization and the Mennonite Conciliation Service." Conciliation Quarterly 11 (Summer 1992): 8-9.

Lang, Michael, and Alison Taylor. The Making of a Mediator: Developing Artistry in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 2000.

Laue, James, and Gerald Cormick. "The Ethics of Intervention in Community Disputes." In The Ethics of Social Intervention, edited by Gordon Bermant, Herbert D. Kelman and Donald P. Warwick, 205-32. Washington, D.C.: Halsted Press, 1978.

Lax, David A., and James K. Sebenius. "Three Ethical Issues in Negotiation." Negotiation Journal 2, no. 4 (1986): 363-70.

LeBaron Duryea, Michelle "The Quest for Qualifications: A Quick Trip Without a Good Map". In Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate, edited by Catherine Morris and Andrew Pirie, 109-129. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994.

Lemmon, John Allen, ed. Making Ethical Decisions. Special Issue. Mediation Quarterly 8 (June 1985). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., 1985.

Luban, David. "The Ethics of Wrongful Obedience." In Ethics in Practice: Lawyers' Roles, Responsibilities and Regulation, edited by Deborah Rhode, 94-120. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Macfarlane, Julie. "Mediating Ethically: The Limits of Codes of Conduct and the Potential of a Reflective Practice Model." Osgoode Hall Law Journal 40(1)(2002): 49-87.

Matz, David. "Mediation Pressure and Party Autonomy: Are They Consistent with Each Other?" Negotiation Journal 10(4) (October 1994):359-365

Maute, Judith L. "Mediator Accountability: Responding to Fairness Concerns." Journal of Dispute Resolution 2 (1990): 503-35.

Maute, Judith L. "Public Values and Private Justice: A Case for Mediator Accountability." Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 4 (1991): 503-35.

McHale, Jerry. The Mediator Roster Consultation Paper. Victoria, B.C.: Dispute Resolution Office, Ministry of Attorney General, November 1997.

McCorkle, Suzanne. "The Murky World of Mediation Ethics: Neutrality, Impartiality, and Conflict of Interest in State Codes of Conduct." Conflict Resolution Quarterly 23(2) (Winter 2005): 165-83.

McCoy, H. Bowen. "The Parable of the Sadhu." Harvard Business Review (1983): 103-08.

McCracken, Janet, William Martin, and Bill Shaw. "Virtue Ethics and the Parable of the Sadhu." Journal of Business Ethics 17, no. 1 (1998): 25-38.

McIntyre, Alasdair. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. 2 ed. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Ethics in Alternative Dispute Resolution: New Issues, No Answers from the Adversary Conception of Lawyers' Responsibilities." South Texas Law Review 38, no. 2 (1997): 407-54.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Ethics, Morality and Professional Responsibility in Negotiation." In Dispute Resolution Ethics: A Comprehensive Guide edited by Phyllis Bernard and Bryant Garth, 119-54. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2002.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Toward Another View of Legal Negotiation: The Structure of Problem Solving." UCLA Law Review 31, no. 4 (1984): 754-842.

Milgram, Stanley. "Perils of Obedience." Harper's 247 (1973): 62-66, 75-77.

McCrory, John P. "Confidentiality in Mediation of Matrimonial Disputes." The Modern Law Review 51 (4) (July 1988): 442-466.

Mediation Development Association of British Columbia. Brief on Standards and Ethics for Mediators Presented to the Attorney General of British Columbia. Prepared by Catherine Morris Scambler. Victoria, B.C.: Ministry of Attorney General, 1989.

Mediation UK. Mediation UK Practice Standards. Bristol, UK: Mediation UK, 1993.

Menin, Bruce. "The Party of the Last Part: Ethical and Process Implications for Children in Divorce Mediation." Mediation Quarterly 17(3) (Spring 2000): 281.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Ethics in ADR Representation: A Road Map of Critical Issues." Dispute Resolution Magazine 4(2) (Winter 1997): 3-6. Chicago: American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Ethics in Alternative Dispute Resolution: New Issues, No Answers From the Adversary Conception of Lawyers's Responsibilities." South Texas Law Review 38 (1997): 407.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Ethics in ADR: The Many 'Cs' of Professional Responsibility and Dispute Resolution." Fordham Urban Law Journal 28(4) (2001): 979-90.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "Resolution: New Issues, No Answers From the Adversary Conception of Lawyers' Responsibilities." South Texas Law Review 38 (2)(1997): 407-453.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie. "The Trouble with the Adversary System in a Postmodern, Multicultural World." Journal of the Institute for the Study of Legal Ethics 1 (1996): 49. Reprinted in William & Mary Law Review 38(1996): 5.

Menkel-Meadow, Carrie, and Michael Wheeler, eds. What's Fair: Ethics for Negotiators San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 2004.

Menzel, Kent E. "Judging the Fairness of Mediation: A Critical Framework." Mediation Quarterly 9 (1991): 3-20.

Meyers, Nancy Illman. "Alternative Dispute Resolution Symposium: Power (Im)balance and the Failure of Impartiality in Attorney-Mediated Divorce." Toledo Law Review 27(1996): 853-883.

Moberly, Robert. "Ethical Standards for Court-Appointed Mediators and Florida's Mandatory Mediation Experiment." Florida State University Law Review 21(3) (Winter 1994):702-727.

Morris, Catherine. "The Trusted Mediator: Ethics and Interaction in Mediation." In Rethinking Disputes: The Mediation Alternative, edited by Julie Macfarlane. Toronto: Emond Montgomery, and London, UK: Cavendish Publishing, 1997.

Morris, Catherine, and Connie Edwards. "Competence and the Role of Standards for Mediators." In Alternative Dispute Resolution Practice Manual, edited by Allan J. Stitt, 8591-8699. North York, ON: CCH Canadian Limited, 2002.

Morris, Catherine, and Andrew Pirie, eds. Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate. Victoria, B.C.: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994. read a review.

National Institute for Dispute Resolution (NIDR). "SPIDR's Ethical Standards: Six Viewpoints." Dispute Resolution Forum (March 1987): 3-13.

National Institute for Dispute Resolution (NIDR). Interim Guidelines for Selecting Mediators. Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1993.

Negotiation Journal. Special Issue. 9(4) (1993).

Nolan-Haley, Jacqueline. "Court Mediation and the Search for Justice." Washington Law Quarterly 74 (1996): 47-102.

Nolan-Haley, Jacqueline, moderator. "Symposium: ADR and the Professional Responsibility of Lawyers." Fordham Urban Law Journal 28(4) (April 2001): 887-90.

Nolan-Haley, Jacqueline. "Informed Consent in Mediation: A Guiding Principle for Truly Educated Decisionmaking." Notre Dame Law Review 74 (1999): 775-840.

Nolan-Haley, Jacqueline. "Lawyers, Clients, and Mediation." Notre Dame Law Review 73(1998): 1369-1390.

Nolan-Haley, Jacqueline M., "Representing Clients in Mediation: Principles that Make a Difference." Alternatives 18 (March 2000): 41

Norton, Eleanor Holmes. "Bargaining and the Ethic of Process." New York University Law Review 64, no. 3 (1989): 493-578.

Nussbaum, Martha C. "Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach." In The Quality of Life, edited by Martha C. Nussbaum and Amartya Sen, 242-69. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Nussbaum, Martha C. "Valuing Values: A Case for Reasoned Commitment." Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 6 (1994): 197-217.

O'Doherty, Hugh. "Mediation Evaluation: Status Report and Challenges for the Future." Evaluation Practice 10 (4) (1989): 8-19.

Ontario Association for Family Medition. OAFM Policy on Abuse. Toronto: Ontario Association for Family Mediation June 1994.

Pearce, W. Barnett, and Stephen W. Littlejohn. Moral Conflict: When Social Worlds Collide. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

Piercey, Robert. "Not Choosing between Morality and Ethics." The Philosophical Forum 32, no. 1 (2001): 53-72.

Pirie, Andrew. "The Lawyer as Mediator: Professional Responsibility Problems or Profession Problems?" Canadian Bar Review 63 (1986): 378-411.

Pirie, Andrew. "Manufacturing Mediation: The Professionalization of Informalism." In Qualifications for Dispute Resolution: Perspectives on the Debate, edited by Catherine Morris and Andrew Pirie, 165-91. Victoria, BC: UVic Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1994.

Plapinger, Elizabeth and Shaw, Margaret. Court ADR: Elements of Program Design. New York: Centre for Public Resources, 1992. read a review.

Reeve, Connie. "The Quandary of Setting Standards for Mediators: Where Are We Headed?" Queen's Law Journal 23 (1998) 441.

Rifkin, Janet, Jonathan Millen and Sara Cobb. "Toward a New Discourse for Mediation: A Critique of Neutrality." Mediation Quarterly 9(2) (Winter 1991):151-164.

Riskin, Leonard L. "Toward New Standards for the Neutral Lawyer in Mediation." Arizona Law Review 26 (1984): 329-62.

Roberts, Marian. "Systems or Selves? Some Ethical Issues in Family Mediation." Mediation Quarterly 10(1) (Fall 1992):3-19, first published in Journal of Social Welfare 1 (1990): London: Sweet and Maxwell, 6-17.

Ruttenberg, Bob. "Do Certified Mediators Make a Safer Society?" SPIDR News 11 (2) (1987).

Salem, Richard A. "Ethical Dilemmas or Benign Neglect." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 71-74

San Diego Mediation Center. Mediator Credential: An Implementation Guide. San Diego, CA: San Diego Mediation Center, 1994. read a review.

Schon, D.A. Educating the Reflective Practitioner. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1987.

Schon, D.A. The Reflective Practitioner. New York: Basic Books, 1983.

Scimecca, Joseph. "Conflict Resolution in the United States: The Emergence of a Profession?" In Conflict Resolution: Cross Cultural Perspectives, edited by Kevin Avruch, Peter Black and Joseph Scimecca. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1991. Reprinted Westport, Conn: Praeger Publishers, 1997.

Scottish Law Commission. Confidentiality in Family Mediation. Discussion Paper #92. Edinburgh: Scottish Law Commission, 1991. read a review.

Shaw, Margaret L. "Mediator Qualifications: Report of a Symposium on Critical Issues in Alternative Dispute Resolution." Seton Hall Legislative Journal 12 (1988): 125-36.

Schepard, Andrew. "Model Standards of Practice for Divorce and Family Mediators: Preface to the Draft Model Standards." Family Courts Review 38 (1) (January 2000): 106.

Shell, Richard G. "Bargaining with the Devil without Losing Your Soul: Ethics in Negotiation." In What's Fair: Ethics for Negotiation, edited by Carrie Menkel-Meadow and Michael Wheeler, 57-74. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.

Shonholtz, Ray. "Professional Qualification: Consumers Should Qualify Dispute Resolvers." Bureau of National Affairs ADR Report 2 (2) (1988): 349.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR). Environmental/Public Disputes Sector. Competencies for Mediators of Complex Public Disputes. Washington D.C.: The Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1992.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution. Ethical Standards of Professional Conduct for Members of the Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution. Washington, D.C.: SPIDR, 1986.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR). Qualifying Neutrals: The Basic Principles: Report of the SPIDR Commission on Qualifications. Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1989.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR), Qualifications Sourcebook Compendium: Prepared for the 21st Annual SPIDR Conference, Pre-Conference Session, October 21, 1993. Washington, D.C.: Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1993.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR). Ensuring Competence and Quality in Dispute Resolution Practice: Report No. 2 of the SPIDR Commission on Qualifications, April 1995. Washington, D.C.: Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1995. read a review.

Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR). Making the Tough Calls: Ethical Exercises for Neutral Dispute Resolvers. Washington, D.C.: Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1991.

John Stephens, E. Franklin Dukes, and William O. Stephens. "The Ethics of Environmental Mediation." In Mediating Environmental Conflicts: Theory and Practice, edited by J. Walton Blackburn and Willa Marie Bruce, 167-84. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1995.

Stulberg, Joseph B. "Bush on Mediator Dilemmas." Journal of Dispute Resolution 1 (1994): 57-69.

Stulberg, Joseph B. "Should a Mediator Be Neutral?" Journal of American Arbitration 4 (2) (2005): 259.

Stulberg, Joseph B. "Mediation and Justice: What Standards Govern?" Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution 6(2005): 601-633.

Stulberg, Joseph B. "Creating and Certifying the Professional Mediator-Education and Credentialing." American Journal of Trial Advocates 28 (2005): 77.

Susskind, Lawrence. "Environmental Mediation and the Accountability Problem." Vermont Law Review. 6 (Spring 1981): 1-47.

Susskind, Lawrence, and Connie Ozawa. "Mediated Negotiation in the Public Sector: Mediator Accountability and the Public Interest." In Ethical Issues in Dispute Resolution: 1983 Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution (SPIDR), 32-50. Washington, D.C.: Society of Professionals in Dispute Resolution, 1983.

Taylor, Alison. "Concepts of Neutrality in Family Mediation: Contexts Ethics, Influence, and Transformative Process." Mediation Quarterly 14 (1997): 215-236.

Test Design Project. Interim Guidelines for Selecting Mediators. Washington D.C.: National Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1993.

Van Slyck, Michael. "Determining Sources of Mediator Effectiveness: Predisposition, Training and Experience." Monograph Series. New York: Research Institute for Dispute Resolution, 1993.

Waldman, Ellen, ed. Mediation Ethics: Cases and Commentaries. San Fransicso: Jossey Bass, 2011. read a review.

Webb, Julian. "Ethics for Lawyers or Ethics for Citizens: New Directions for Legal Education." Journal of Law and Society 25, no. 1 (1998): 134-50.

Wedge, B. and D. Sandole. "Conflict Management: A New Venture into Professionalization." Peace and Change (Summer 1982).

Wellington, Alex. "Taking Codes of Ethics Seriously: Alternative Dispute Resolution and Reconstitutive Liberalism." Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 12(July, 1999): 297.

Wheeler, Michael, and Carrie Menkel-Meadow, eds. What's Fair: Ethics for Negotiators. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2004.

White, James J. "Machievelli and the Bar: Ethical Limitations on Lying in Negotiation." American Bar Foundation Research Journal (1980): 926-38.

Williams, Barbara Blake. "Implications of Gilligan for Divorce Mediation: Speculative Applications." Mediation Quarterly 12 (2) (Winter 1994):101-115

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Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography (formerly Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding: A Selected Bibliography). Copyright 1997-2008 Catherine Morris. All rights reserved.


Adversarial Justice Limits . Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) . Apology & Forgiveness . Arbitration . Arts & Peacework . Books for Children & Youth . Caseflow Management . Collaborative Law Practice . Community Conflict . Conflict Analysis . Conflictos y Paz . Conflict Resolution & Conflict Management . Conflict Transformation . Critical Perspectives on ADR . Culture, Ethnicity & Conflict . Dispute Resolution Systems Design . Emotions & Conflict . Evaluation . Game Theory . Gender & Conflict . Human Rights . Humanitarian Action, Development . Indigenous Peoples . International Conflict . Judicial Dispute Resolution . Media, Conflict and Society . Mediation, Family . Mediation, Mandatory . Music of Peace . Negotiation . Negotiation, Crisis . Negotiation, Humanitarian . Nonviolent Direct Action . Ombudsman . Psycho-Social Perspectives . Post-Secondary Education . Public Dispute Resolution . Reconciliation/Transitional Justice . Religious Perspectives . Restorative Justice . Schools . Standards and Ethics . Technology, Computers . Terrorism . Theories of Conflict . Videorecordings . Workplace, Labour Conflict . Peacebuilding and Reconciliation in Rwanda . Reviews and Annotations . Acknowledgements . Search